Maps are deceiving. You see, the surface of a sphere cannot be represented as a plane without some form of distortion. Since the 1500s, scientists have been developing algorithms that would help transform the globe into something flat and to do this, they use a method called projection. There is no right or wrong way to do it, everything depends on the purpose of the map. But while every projection of our world preserves one thing, it messes up the other. Area, shape, direction, bearing, distance, and scale are the main properties map makers are constantly juggling. Most people usually look at the Mercator projection.
This projection is widely used for navigation because of its ability to represent lines of constant course. A line drawn between two points on this map would provide the exact angle to follow on a compass to travel between these two points. It also preserves the shape of countries. However, it’s less practical for world maps because the scale is distorted. And that’s where the Internet comes into play. Imgurian and map lover Mkyner has created a series of overlapping maps showing countries from all over the world on top of the United States to give everyone a better understanding of just how yuge it actually is.
Population: 23,470,145, and all trying to buy a house in Melbourne it seems
Most popular maps are created using cylindrical projection. Imagine putting a cylinder over a globe and projecting each of the points of the sphere onto the cylindrical surface. Then, if you unroll the cylinder, you end up with a flat rectangular map.
Population: 4,545,627 people and about 30,000,000 sheep
Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator created the Mercator projection in 1569. Gerardus preserved the direction of his map by varying the distances between the latitude lines and making them straight. However, as with every map, there are drawbacks. For example, on the Mercator map, Greenland and Africa look about the same size. But compared to Africa, Greenland is smaller. 14 times smaller, to be precise.
But mapping services like Google Maps still use the Mercator. Again, because of its ability to preserve shape and angles. Close-up views of cities and roads are more accurate. A 90-degree right turn on the map is a 90-degree right turn on the street that you’re driving on. And when you’re close-up, the distortion is minimal. If you want, however, a map Scale that shows the true size of things, fire up one that’s created with a Gall–Peters projection.
Population: 1,296,834,042 Expected to pass China in population within a few years. Stripped bit near Winnipeg is occupied by China.
Population: 262,787,403 More than half the population is on that one island running from northern New Mexico to central Oklahoma. The big island in the upper Great Plains and that thing in the Atlantic are mostly jungle.
Population: 25,683,610 Ports: closed.